One of the books I found most helpful when I began freelance editing was Carol Fisher Saller’s The Subversive Copy Editor. Unlike style guides and other trade references that editors consult more or less daily, Saller’s book focuses not so much on how to copyedit as on ‘how to survive while doing it’.
I’m happy to report that The Subversive Copy Editor was recently published in a second edition. Two chapters longer and noticeably heftier, it still falls well under 200 pages: you’d zip through it in a day or two. It’s full of solid advice on such aspects of the job as managing deadlines, handling pressure and difficult clients, improving your computer use (e.g., filing, word processing), and email etiquette.
It also offers clear and practical guidance on the nuts and bolts of editing. For example, it explains the benefit of reviewing your queries to an author before you return their text:
Many editing decisions at the beginning of a document turn out to be the wrong ones in light of what followed; you will know and understand the writer and the content better when you’ve finished reading.
Saller describes editing as a multitasking activity, ‘reading at several levels simultaneously’. Some of it is optional and subjective: ‘a work will never be edited the same way twice, and it will never be considered perfect’. This is important information for perfectionists, which editors tend to be. She later stresses the point matter-of-factly:
There’s no end to the amount of fussing you can do with a document, whereas there’s a limit to the amount of money someone will pay you to do it. At some point it has to be good enough, and you have to stop.
Much of this fussing owes to editors’ fixation on ‘correctness’. But by covering a page with ‘unnecessary and counterproductive little edits,’ Saller cautions, ‘you will irritate the writer and demonstrate the shallowness of your editorial judgment’. Besides, by obsessing over trivia you may miss a more egregious lapse nearby. I’ve seen the evidence of this phenomenon when, on a second pass through a document, I’ve caught a conspicuous error beside a finicky fix.
Hence the importance of carefulness, one of three main principles that echo throughout the text – the others being transparency and flexibility. Adopting these values helps buttress all parties against the conflict that can arise when there is a difference of opinion on how best to present the text and serve the reader.
That said, however:
To see the writer-editor relationship as inherently adversarial is to doom yourself to a career of angst and stress. The writer’s job is far more difficult than the copy editor’s: the writer has to actually write the thing. It is your privilege to polish copy without the tedium and agony of producing it in the first place. Your first goal isn’t to slash and burn your way through a document in an effort to make it conform to a list of style rules. Your first goal is merely to do no harm.*
Saller’s considerate disposition and considerable experience (not least at the Chicago Manual of Style, whose monthly Q&A she edits) underlie her counsel on handling conflict: both external, such as a clash of goals, and internal, such as when a style rule leads to unclarity. One chapter is written especially for writers, advising on expectations and conduct when one’s work is being edited; there’s a chapter too for freelancers, since some of our concerns differ from in-house editors’.
As a host Saller is gracious and entertaining, not shy about supplying eye-opening anecdotes – like the writer late with sources because his wife was ‘holding his research hostage in the end stages of their divorce’. This example serves too as a contrast to the relationship-building that Saller shows is crucial to surviving and thriving in the job.
With the book, she hopes to give copy editors ‘self-assurance and a measure of grace’ in negotiating words with the writers we are ‘charged with saving from themselves’. It’s an invaluable work for aspiring copy editors, and a useful one for those more established. Writers – who all edit their own work, to a degree – will also find it illuminating.
The Subversive Copy Editor is a wise, witty, and thoroughly helpful companion to the work of editing. You can order it from the University of Chicago Press website or your favoured bookstore.
Disclosure: University of Chicago Press sent me a complimentary copy of this book, though with no obligation to review. I’m mentioned in the Further Reading and Acknowledgements sections.
* I call this imperative the Typographic Oath.